Le Corbusier (1887-1965), was born Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. His father painted dials for the town’s watch trade and his mother was a musician. Originally trained to follow his father in the watch business, he turned to studying painting and architecture and designed his own home as a teenager in 1902. He was influenced by three notions – the relationship between small individual spaces and large shared spaces; the relationship between classical and renaissance architectural proportions; and the use of geometric forms.
Near the end of World War I in 1918, he proposed the notion of mass-produced post-war housing, which aligned with his growing interest in mass-produced furnishings and materials like tubular steel and manufactured fibers and textiles. His influences and contributions to post-war city planning and mass-production of furnishings are still recognized and used in the present day.