Charles Eames (1907-1978), born in St. Louis, studied architecture and drafting, and his wife Ray Kaiser Eames (1912-1988), born in Sacramento, studied abstract art. They met at Cranbrook Academy in Michigan, where they met and worked with Finnish designer Eero Saarinen and others, developing a widely recognized organic style.
The postwar boom after World War II created a need for affordable furnishings and such goods were the focus for much of the Eames’ designs. In 1948, the Eames entered the International Competition for Low-Cost Furniture Design competition at the Museum of Modern Art and won a grant that allowed them to create prototypes for mass production. By 1950 they had switched to molded plastic for the seats of DAR and manufacturer Herman Miller began producing the chair.